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全国2014年4月高等教育自学考试初中英语学科基础试题

 

绝密★考试结束前
全国2014年4月高等教育自学考试
初中英语学科基础试题
课程代码:09296
请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案涂、写在答题纸上。
选择题部分
注意事项:
1.答题前,考生务必将自己的考试课程名称、姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔填写在答题纸规定的位置上。
2.每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。
 
一、语音测试(本大题共10小题,每小题0.5分,共5分)
(请选出1个划线部分读音与其它3个不同的。)
1. A. wash B. fat C. candle   D. calculation
2. A. secret    B. telegraph    C. elephant D. second
3. A. thirsty   B. Australia    C. music    D. second
4. A. roof B. tooth    C. foot D. moon
5. A. station   B. question C. operation    D. instruction
6. A. meat B. mean C. weak D. break
7. A. played    B. stopped C. carried D. tried
8. A. truth B. otherwise    C. feather D. therefore
9. A. bow   B. cow C. town D. blow
10. A. reaches B. decides C. bridges D. boxes
二、口语表达(本节共10个小题,每小题1分,共10分)
(请选出1个符合语境的选项。)
11. — Would you like to go on a picnic with me today?
— ______.
A. I’d love to, but I can’t because I have an appointment today.
B. No, I don’t like going today because I went on a picnic yesterday.
C. No, I can’t go with you today because I am not free.
D. No, I am not feeling well.
12. — Would you mind returning this book to the library for me, please?
— ______.
A. Yes, of course   B. Sure
C. Certainly not    D. You are welcome
13. — You seem upset. Is anything wrong?
— ______.
A. Yes. My best friend is angry with me B. Oh, no. I am OK
C. Oh, thank you for your care D. Not really
14. — Here are some new books.
— ______?
A. But do you think which one is the most interesting
B. But which one do you think is the most interesting
C. But what do you think of the most interesting one
D. But how do you love them
15. — I’m sorry I didn’t do well.
— ______.
A. No   B. No sorry
C. You’re welcome D. Never mind
16. — Conductor, I am going to York Road. Can you tell me where to get off?
— ______.
A. You have to ride of three stops B. You can get off at the next stop
C. You must get off at three stops later    D. York Road is at the three stops away
17. — I am just back from a holiday in Hawaii.
— ______.
A. Really! Did you have a good time?
B. Really! Had you had a good time?
C. Really! Have you had a good travelling?
D. Really! That’s very interesting.
18. At the party, Mr. Brown meets Lin Hong for the first time.
Brown: May I introduce myself? My name is Richard Brown.
Lin: ______
A. I am Mr. Lin Hong. Glad to meet you.
B. How do you do? My name is Lin Hong.
C. How do you do, Richard?
D. How are you, Mr. Brown?
19. — It’s very warm today, isn’t it?
— ______(show disagreement)
A. No, it is not warm at all.   B. It’s cold, I think.
C. Well, I wouldn’t call it really warm.   D. No, actually it’s very cold.
20. At the dinner table
— Would you mind passing me the pepper?
— ______
A. Certainly. Here you are. B. Yes, here you are.
C. Yes, but I don’t know where it is. D. Not at all. Here you are.
三、语法和词汇(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)
(在每小题列出的四个备选项中有一个符合题目要求的。)
21.“Francis wanted to go to the shopping center today.”
“If she had told me this morning, I ______ her there.”
A. will have driven B. would drive
C. would have driven    D. will drive
22. ______ as a vegetable by most people, botanists classify the tomato as a berry.
A. Considering it   B. Although it is considered
C. That it is considered    D. It is considered
23. He wanted to know ______ there.
A. how long time I had been B. how long had I been
C. how long time had I been D. how long I had been
24. ______ he needed money for a new car, he decided not to borrow it from the bank.
A. Much as B. Much though
C. As much D. Though much
25. A lot of people ______ by before the two of them saw it that day.
A. must pass    B. must be passing
C. were passing D. must have passed
26. His hair’s all white. He ______ his new apartment.
A. has whitewashed B. was whitewashing
C. has been whitewashing    D. whitewashed
27. The classroom was almost empty ______ a desk or two.
A. besides B. except for
C. except   D. in addition to
28. The professor gave orders that the test ______ before 10∶30.
A. will finish B. will be finished
C. be finished D. shall finish
29. When you have finished with that video film, don’t forget to put it in my drawer, ______?
A. do you   B. will you
C. don’t you  D. won’t you
30. It was as a physician that he represented himself, and ______ he was warmly received.
A. as such B. such as
C. as that D. so that
31. The money will be used to keep a space vehicle on the moon busy ______ to the earth photographs and other information about the surface of the moon.
A. to send B. sending
C. to be sent   D. being sent
32. We sell goods ______ cash only; we don’t give credit.
A. on   B. by
C. in   D. for
33. This is ______ way ______ omelet should be made.
A. the, the B. a, an
C. a, a D. the, an
 
34. He looked as if he ______ cry; I immediately talked about something else.
A. would    B. was going to
C. was to   D. should
35. The girl in the snapshot was smiling sweetly, ______.
A. her long hair flowed in the breeze   B. her long hair was flowing in the breeze
C. her long hair flow in the breeze D. her long hair flowing in the breeze
四、完形填空(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)
Mark was walking home from school one day when he noticed the boy ahead of him had dropped all of the books he was carrying, along with a baseball bat and several other things. Mark   36  down and helped the boy pick up these articles.   37  they were going the same way, he helped to carry some of them for him. As they walked, Mark   38  the boy’s name was Bill, that the   39  computer games, baseball and history, that he had a lot of   40  with his other subjects and that he had just broken   41  with his girlfriend.
They arrived at Bill’s home first and Mark was   42  in for a Coke and to watch television. The afternoon passed   43  with a few laughs and some shared small talks, and them Mark went home. They   44  to see each other around school, had lunch together once or twice, and then both ended up from the same high school. Just three weeks before   45  , Bill asked Mark if they   46  talk.
Bill   47  him of the day years ago when they first met. “Do you   48  wonder why I was carrying so many things home that day?” asked Bill. “You see, I   49  out my locker because I didn’t want to leave a mess   50  anyone else. I had to run away and I was going home to pack my things. But after we spent some time together talking and laughing, I realized that if I had done that, I would have lost a new friend and missed all the fun we would have together.”
So you see, Mark, when you picked up my books that day, you did a lot more. You changed my life.
36. A. fell B. sat C. lay D. knelt
37. A. Although B. Since    C. After    D. Until
38. A. discovered   B. realized C. said D. decided
39. A. played   B. loved    C. tried    D. made
40. A. questions    B. ideas    C. trouble D. doubt
41. A. up   B. out C. off D. away
42. A. called   B. helped   C. invited D. allowed
43. A. peacefully   B. willingly    C. freely   D. pleasantly
44. A. continued    B. agreed   C. forced   D. offered
45. A. graduation   B. movement C. separation   D. vacation
46. A. would    B. should   C. could    D. must
47. A. demanded B. reminded C. removed D. asked
48. A. ever B. usually C. even D. never
49. A. checked B. took C. cleared D. put
50. A. over B. into C. with D. for
五、阅读理解(本大题共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)
(在每小题列出的四个备选项中有一个符合题目要求的。)
A
Liu Qian was born in Taiwan on June 25th, 1976. At the 2009 CCTV Spring Festival Gala, he put on two magic shows successfully. It made him the hottest magician in China.
When he was 7 years old, he was deeply attracted by a coin trick in a shop. Later on, the shop assistant began to teach him some easy magic tricks. Liu didn’t go to any magic schools. He learned by himself and practiced hard.
At the age of 12, he won Taiwan’s Youth Magic Contest, which was judged by the great American Magician, David Copperfield. Over 100 children took part in the contest. Without expensive equipment, he didn’t expect any award. But he succeeded. His hard work led to success.
However, Liu Qian didn’t want to be a magician. He chose to become a student at university, practicing magic in his spare time. After graduation, he failed to find a job. In order to make money, he had to perform on the street. It also gave him a chance to improve his skills.
In 2001, Liu Qian started a TV show called Magic Star. It quickly became one of the most popular shows in China. So far, he has won many other wonderful awards. Countries he has performed in include the US, the UK, Japan and so on.
 
51. ______ made Liu Qian the hottest magician in China.
A. His magic shows in Taiwan
B. His successful magic shows at the 2009 CCTV Spring Festival Gala
C. His skillful shows on TV
D. His birth place
52. ______ first taught Liu Qian some easy magic tricks.
A. The teacher B. His parents
C. The shop assistant   D. David Copperfield
53. In 1988, Liu Qian ______.
A. went to a magic school
B. began to learn magic tricks
C. started a TV show called Magic Star
D. won Taiwan’s Youth Magic Contest
54. ______ made him succeed in the contest.
A. The expensive equipment B. His desire to succeed
C. His hard work    D. The judge’s preference
55. What can we know about Liu Qian from the passage?
A. He went to the university to learn magic.
B. He has performed in many countries so far.
C. He wanted to be a magician when he was a child.
D. He was the hottest magician in China before 2009.
B
A year ago, I paid no attention to English idioms, though my teacher emphasized the importance again and again. But soon, the importance of English idioms was shown in an amusing experience.
One day, I happened to meet an Englishman on the road, and soon we began to talk. As I was talking about how I was studying English, the foreigner seemed to be astonished. Gently shaking his head, shrugging his shoulders, he said, “You don’t say!” “You don’t say!” I was puzzled. I thought, perhaps this is not an appropriate topic. “Well, I’d better change the topic. ” So I said to him. “Well, shall we talk about the Great Wall? By the way, have you ever been there?” “Certainly, everyone back home will laugh at me if I leave China without seeing it. It was magnificent. ” He was deep in thought when I began to talk like a tourist guide. “The Great Wall is one of the wonders in the world. We are very proud of it. ” Soon I was interrupted again by his words: “You don’t say!” I couldn’t help asking, “Why do you ask me not to talk about it?” “Well, I didn’t request you to do so, he answered. Hearing this, the Englishman laughed to tears. He began to explain, ”‘You don’t say’ actually means ‘really’. It is an expression of surprise. Perhaps you don’t pay attention to English idioms. “Only then did I know I had made a fool of myself. Since then I have been more careful with idiomatic expressions. Remember: what the English teachers said is always tight to us students.
56. A year ago, I paid no attention to English idioms because ______.
A. English idioms were not important
B. I was not careful with English idioms
C. my teacher didn’t emphasize the importance of them
D. I had no interest in them
57. At first, on hearing “You don’t say,” I thought the foreigner meant ______.
A. he was not interested in the topic
B. he was only interested in the Great Wall
C. I had talked too much
D. I had to stop talking
58. The underlined word in the first paragraph probably means ______.
A. interesting B. important
C. terrible     D. unlikely
59. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. The Englishman left china without seeing the Great Wall.
B. The Englishman wanted to see the Great Wall after I talked about it.
C. The Englishman wanted me to act as his guide.
D. The Englishman visited the Great Wall and thought it worth visiting.
60. After the Englishman explained the idiom, ______.
A. I thought the Englishman had made me a fool
B. the Englishman became a real fool
C. I felt very silly
D. I became more carefully in everything
 
C
The tropical rainforests of West Africa, Brazil, Latin America and Southeast Asia are some of the most important environmental regions of the world. They hold millions of unique plants, animals, and people. However, they are being destroyed rapidly.
Several factors are contributing to the destruction of the rainforests. One of the main causes is logging. Millions of trees are cut down every year, often illegally. The most valuable wood is taken and not replaced. Mining is another reason. Mining companies cut down trees to get gold and other minerals. Their activity often causes pollution.
Rainforest destruction has many serious effects. A tragic effect of the loss of the rainforests is the extinction of plants and animals that could provide us with food, medicine or valuable products. Thousands of species disappear each year. One surprising result of the destruction of the rainforests is that nutrients in the soils are washed away. When the trees are cut down, the soil is exposed to the heavy rain and quickly becomes infertile and useless. One of the most serious effects is global warming. This can have huge consequences for the world’s climate.
In summary, rainforests are important for the environment. They are potentially a huge source of materials. However, human activities are damaging this treasure. If we do not take action now, this vital part of our heritage will be lost forever.
61. The rainforests are being destroyed because ______.
A. millions of trees are cut down  B. people set fire to them
C. many trees are washed away  D. the land becomes infertile
62. Destruction of the rainforests may cause the following results EXCEPT ______.
A. the extinction of plants and animals
B. lack of nutrients in the soil
C. global warming
D. lack of food for all human beings
63. Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE?
A. Rainforests grow in many regions, such as West Africa.
B. Many special animals and plants can only be found in tropical rainforests.
C. Rainforests are important because they can be possibly made into many materials.
D. Rainforests will one day lose forever.
64. The passage tells us the following EXCEPT ______.
A. rainforests are important to our environment
B. rainforests are in danger right now
C. damaging rainforests does no harm to development
D. rainforests have some unique animals
65. Continuing the passage, we should write ______.
A. the importance of rainforests
B. the measures we should take to protect rainforests
C. the reasons for protecting rainforests
D. the effects rainforests have on climate.
D
Long long ago, there lived in Greece a king whose name was Midas. He was a greedy man and loved gold better than anything else in the world.
One day, he asked a god to give him more gold. The god decided to punish him and said, “Your wish is granted already. Everything you touch will turn to gold. ”
Midas was overjoyed when he heard this. The next morning, he got up early to test his skill. When he touched his bed, it turned to gold. “Gold!” cried Midas, laughing like a naughty little boy. “It works !”
Not only stones, flowers and the furniture of his house turned to gold, but when he sat down to table, so did the food he ate and the water he drank. He was unhappy now. Just then his laughter ran up to him. Midas touched her hand. At once her body became cold and stiff. Midas was holding a gold statue!
At last, he begged the god to free him from his wish. “Go to the river and bathe in it,” the god said. So Midas did, and the water took away his gold touch. He would never forget this lesson: X did not bring happiness.
This is a Greek myth. Nowadays, the idiom “have the Midas touch” means to have the ability to be successful, especially the ability to make money easily. Well, do you want to have the Midas touch and become a millionaire?
66. Which of the following statements is true about Midas?
A. He was handsome and warm- hearted Greek king.
B. He was a kind and wise man.
C. He was a brave and imaginative man.
D. He was a greedy and gold- loving king.
67. What did Midas do one day?
A. He asked the god for more gold.
B. He asked the god to give him a skill.
C. He asked all the things to turn to gold.
D. He asked his daughter to test his skill.
68. What made the king unhappy?
A. That his bed turned to gold when he touched it.
B. The stones turned to gold after his touch.
C. The furniture turned to gold by his touch.
D. The food he ate and the water he drank turned to gold.
69. “X” in the last paragraph but one should be the word “______”.
A. god B. gold
C. gold touch  D. daughter
70. At the end of the story, we know ______.
A. Midas was satisfied with his skill of gold touch
B. Midas became wealthier with the skill of gold touch
C. Midas was punished by the god
D. Midas became happier because of the gold he got from his touch
非选择题部分
注意事项:
用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。
 
六、信息转换(本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分)
(阅读下面短文,根据其内容,完成填空题(1)至(5)题,并将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上.)
Three Types of Parents
It is universally true that all parents in the world love their children. However, as parents’ views of life vary, they show their love in different ways. Generally speaking, parents can be classified into three types: the monarch type, the servant type, and the friend type according to their different ways of showing their love to their children.
The parents belonging to the monarch type are intolerant, bossy and self- centered. They lay down regulations in the family for their children to observe. Furthermore, they insist that their children should act upon them without question. With a firm belief in their own philosophy of life, they have little respect for others’ opinions, least of all, their children’s.
Contrary to the monarch- type parents, the servant- type parents revolve around their children all the time. They are soft, good- natured, and easy- going. They never deny their children any wish, and cheerfully run to buy anything their children ask for. They are happy so long as their children are content. With the sincere belief that love means sacrifice, they are ready to give up anything for their children’s sake. With their children at the center of their lives, they always ask, “What else can I do for you?”
The friendly- type parents, as the term implies, treat their children as friends. They are generous and wise. Like good friends, they discuss with their children the latest news, share their children’s interests, and listen attentively to their children’s expression of emotion, whether it is anger, fear, joy or sorrow.
71.(1)The three types of parents are ____________________.
(2) The sentence the monarch- type parents say most frequently to their children is,“_________.”
(3) The servant - type parents are ____________________.
(4) Which type of parents do children welcome?
____________________
(5) Why? ____________________.
七、概括大意(本大题共2小题,每小题5分,共10分)(请按要求概括段落大意。)
72. Passage 1
Everyone has family members and everyone loves their family. But from my point of view, this kind of love is very different from other types. When people are around their families they are their real selves. “Be who you are and say what you feel because those who mind don’t matter and those who matter don’t mind. ” Families will always love you no matter what happens, or no matter how bad you screw up, your family will always be there to back you. That is true love and there is an unbreakable bond that no one can really explain or come between.
(1) This paragraph is mainly about ____________________.
73. Passage2
The danger of diet products lies not only in the psychological effects they have on us, but also in the physical harm that they cause. Diet foods can indirectly harm our bodies because consuming them instead of healthy foods means we are preventing our bodies from having basic nutrients. Diet foods and diet pills contain zero calory only because the diet industry has created chemicals to produce these wonder products. Diet products may not be nutritional, and the chemicals that go into diet products are potentially dangerous.
(2) This passage tells us ____________________.
八、指导性作文(本大题共1小题,共15分)(请按要求写一篇100词左右的短文。)
假设你叫Mary,你的网友John即将外出旅行,请你根据以下提示,用英语给他写一封电子邮件,向他介绍你对旅游的看法并提醒他旅行注意事项。
1.旅游是一种非常好的活动。当你累了或有空的时候,到外地走走。欣赏美景,呼吸新鲜空气,交朋友,放松身心,忘记疲劳,有益健康。
2.旅行前的准备:了解天气,带好衣服、相机、常用药品等。
3.旅行时注意饮食卫生和安全。
 
 
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